The Ruby-throated Hummingbird


Penny: No formatting yet, I’ll wait until you get your comments back to Astrid.

I'll use stock photos unless you've got some real good ones.


What do Ruby-throated hummingbirds look like?

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are one of the smallest hummingbirds. They are 7 to 8 centimetres long (3 to 3 inches,) and their spread wings measure 10 to 12 centimetres (4 to 4 3/4 inches.) They weigh between 2.4 grams to 4.5 grams, with the females being slightly larger than the males. They are basically metallic green in colour above, with gray below. The adult male has a slightly forked tail. He has feathers on his throat that may appear to be black but they flash red or orange in the sunlight, thus giving the bird its name. Females have white throats. Their tails are not forked and have white spots on the corners. Young birds resemble the females. Hummingbirds have long narrow beaks which are hollow in the middle so that the tongue can slide in and out without the bird having to open their beaks. Their long tongues make it easy for them to sip nectar from flowers. Hummingbirds have short legs and tiny feet that grip strongly.


Where do Ruby-throated hummingbirds live?


Ruby-throated hummingbirds eat insects and nectar from many flowering plants. They are attracted to the colour red. Some of their favourite flowers to feed from are columbines, salvia, vines (trumpet, coral and honeysuckle) and bee balm. They also enjoy tree sap. Some of the insects they eat are small beetles, weevils, flies, gnats, mosquitoes, aphids, flying ants, wasps and spiders. They are often seen picking insects from spider webs. Hummingbirds readily visit feeders in back yards to drink nectar. While wintering in Costa Rica, they survive the months of January to March (when there are no flowers to provide nectar) by eating mostly insects.


Ruby-throated Hummingbirds and their young:


Interesting Ruby-throated Hummingbird Facts:



Does this hummingbird need help?


What will I do if the hummingbird needs help?




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