American Robin is a member of the thrush family. "Thrush" means wanderer. Robins are the largest thrushes.
The male is dark grey above, but the head, wings and tail are
almost black. The outer tail
feathers, eye circle, throat and rump are white.
The breast is a brick-red
colour. Females and
young are duller in colour. Young robins have speckles on their breasts.
summer over most of North America. Robins
can be found along forest borders, in orchards, gardens, parks and yards.
eat a lot of insects. They
run over the ground searching for earthworms
and also eat beetles, weevils, grasshoppers, ants, termites, cutworms,
caterpillars, butterflies and moths.
They enjoy fruits such as bayberries, grapes, mistletoe berries,
migrate to their summer homes in late winter.
They begin to sing in April, when the adults begin to pair. When
the male and female have paired, they build a cup-shaped nest of mud and
grasses. The female lays as
many as four blue eggs, which hatch at between 12 and 14 days.
The young are altricial. They
are born without feathers and with their eyes closed. Their parents feed them in the nest until they are ready to
leave it at 14 to 16 days of age. Baby
robins cannot fly for the first few days after they jump from the nest.
Their parents lead them to low shrubs and
trees and they gradually learn to climb and jump. Within a day or two their wings grow stronger and they begin
to take short flights. Their
parents feed them until they have learned to feed themselves. When the young are independent, the parents will usually nest
for IWRC by:
Astrid MacLeod, Manitoba, Canada
Gibson, Wisconsin, USA